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A new study reveals that coral reefs have declined by 50% since the 1950s due to climate change, overfishing, and pollution. The loss of these biodiversity hotspots not only affects marine life but also puts communities and livelihoods at risk. Learn more about the rapid pace of global coral collapse and its implications for indigenous communities and local ecosystems.
Dive into the mysteries of the natural world with How To Read Water by Tristan Gooley. This must-have book is perfect for anyone who loves spending time outdoors, from walkers and sailors to anglers and swimmers. With over 700 clues, signs, and patterns, Gooley shares his tips and observations to help you discover the magic of the outdoors and learn how to navigate your surroundings. Join him on his pioneering journeys from Sussex to Oman and the Arctic as he reveals the secrets of ponds, puddles, rivers, oceans, and more. Recommended for nature enthusiasts, adventurers, and anyone interested in exploring the outdoors, How To Read Water by Tristan Gooley is an essential guide to understanding the natural world around us. From walkers to sailors, swimmers to anglers, this book provides valuable knowledge, skills, and tips for anyone who loves spending time outside. It's also a great resource for those interested in fields such as geography, environmental science, and biology. Whether you're exploring the icy mysteries of the Arctic or wild swimming in Sussex, Gooley's insights will help you read and navigate the water around you.
Imagine a world without humans - what would happen next? This thought experiment highlights the interconnectedness of our world and the impact humans have on it. Without our intervention, nature would take over and endangered species would have a chance to thrive. However, the world would never forget us as we would leave our mark. Learning about the environment and the impact humans have on it is not only intellectually stimulating, but it also has practical benefits. By understanding our impact on the planet, we can make informed decisions and take action to ensure a sustainable future. So, let's explore and discover the fascinating world of environmental science and make a positive impact on the world we live in.
Half a million barrels of DDT waste dumped in the ocean in the 1940s and '50s remain in startlingly high concentrations, spread across a wide swath of seafloor larger than the city of San Francisco. Recent studies have linked the presence of this once-popular pesticide to an aggressive cancer in sea lions, and significant amounts of DDT-related compounds continue to accumulate in California condors and local dolphin populations. With a $5.6-million research boost from Congress, scientists and environmental nonprofits are racing to figure out the extent of the contamination lurking 3,000 feet underwater.
Climate change is putting numerous European seabirds at risk. A new conservation guide, led by ZSL and University of Cambridge, offers hope for the future of these important marine birds by assessing their specific needs and actions needed for preservation. Don't let iconic species like the Atlantic puffin disappear from our shores!
Do you feel a deep connection with the sea and its inhabitants? Do you find yourself daydreaming about what lies beneath the ocean's surface? If so, a career in oceanography might be perfect for you! As an oceanographer, you'll be studying the ocean, its physical and biological properties, and how it interacts with the planet. You'll work to understand everything from the temperature and salinity of the water, to the movement of currents, the behavior of marine life, and how humans impact the ocean. One of the most appealing aspects of a career in oceanography is the opportunity to work on important environmental issues. For example, you could study how climate change is impacting the ocean and marine life, work to protect endangered species, or research ways to develop sustainable fishing practices. There are also countless fascinating and inspiring examples of real-life oceanographers making a difference. For instance, Sylvia Earle is a marine biologist and explorer who has led more than 100 deep sea expeditions and been instrumental in the creation of marine protected areas. Jacques Cousteau, an oceanographer and explorer, was a pioneer in underwater filmmaking and worked to raise awareness about ocean conservation. As an oceanographer, you'll typically be conducting research and collecting data, analyzing samples in a laboratory setting, and communicating your findings to colleagues, stakeholders, and the public. You could choose to specialize in one of several areas, including biological oceanography, chemical oceanography, physical oceanography, or marine geology. There are also related fields like marine biology, marine ecology, and ocean engineering. To become an oceanographer, you'll typically need at least a bachelor's degree in a relevant field, such as marine biology, oceanography, or environmental science. Many universities offer specialized programs, such as the Marine Science program at the University of Miami or the Oceanography program at the University of Washington. Additionally, internships and field experience can be highly beneficial for gaining practical skills and connections in the field. Helpful personal attributes for an oceanographer include a passion for the ocean and its inhabitants, strong analytical skills, and a willingness to work in a team environment. Additionally, it's important to have good communication skills, as you'll be communicating complex scientific concepts to a variety of audiences. The job prospects for oceanographers are good, with an expected job growth of 7% from 2020 to 2030. There are many potential employers in both the public and private sectors, including government agencies like NOAA (the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and private companies like Shell or ExxonMobil. You could also work for non-profits like the Ocean Conservancy or research institutions like Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Over 171 trillion pieces of plastic now pollute our oceans, killing marine life and posing a threat to human health. Without action, this number could triple by 2040. Learn about the causes and solutions to this crisis, and how you can make a difference.
Plastic is a synthetic polymer that has completely changed our world. It is lightweight, durable, and can be molded into almost any shape. Unfortunately, plastic has saturated our environment, invaded the animals we eat, and is finding its way into our bodies. Plastic takes between 500 and 1,000 years to break down, yet we use it for things meant to be thrown away. 40% of plastics are used for packaging, and since its invention, we have produced about 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic. 79% of it is still sticking around, and a lot ends up in the ocean, where it outweighs all the fish. Microplastics, pieces smaller than 5 millimeters, have been found in honey, sea salt, beer, tap water, and in the household dust around us. While there is little science about the health risks associated with microplastics, it is safe to say that we have lost control over plastic to a certain extent, which is kind of scary. By learning more about plastic, we can take steps to reduce its impact on our environment and our health.
Have you ever imagined walking alongside a giant, hairy elephant with long tusks and a hump of fat on its back? Meet the woolly mammoth, an extinct species that lived during the Ice Ages. As you learn about the woolly mammoth, you will discover fascinating features such as their two-layered fur and impressive size, which was larger than modern elephants. More than just a fun fact, studying extinct animals like the woolly mammoth can help us understand how Earth's climate and environment have changed over time, and how humans have influenced the planet. By exploring these academic concepts through reading, reflection, writing and self-directed projects, you can develop your intellectual curiosity and creativity while also gaining practical skills in research, critical thinking, and communication.
Did you know that wetlands are vital sources of water purification, groundwater recharge, and carbon storage? A new Stanford-led study published in Nature finds that global losses of wetlands have likely been overestimated, enabling more informed plans to protect or restore ecosystems crucial for human health and livelihoods. While wetlands remain threatened in many parts of the world, the researchers combed through thousands of records of wetland drainage and land-use changes in 154 countries, mapping the distribution of drained and converted wetlands onto maps of present-day wetlands to get a picture of what the original wetland area might have looked like in 1700.
How do you predict tropical cyclones in a data-scarce region? Olivier Bousquet turned to an unlikely source: sea turtles. Tagged with sensors, these hardy creatures provide ocean data that can predict storm intensity and path. The project, known as STORM, has already produced exciting results, attracting the attention of scientists worldwide. Discover how sea turtles are helping us better understand the ocean and prepare for devastating tropical cyclones.
Calcium carbonate may sound like just another chemical compound, but it’s actually the building block for some of the most exquisite and diverse structures found in the ocean, from pearls to shells to coral. Creatures like mollusks use calcium carbonate to carefully construct their shells, controlling their composition at the molecular level to achieve stunning colors and patterns. Learning about the artful ways in which these creatures use calcium carbonate to create their protective structures not only expands our understanding of the natural world but also teaches us about the importance of adaptation and resilience. By exploring this topic further, you can develop a deeper appreciation for the intricacies of the natural world and the ways in which organisms have evolved to survive and thrive in their environments.
For over a century, dolphins and fishers in Laguna, Brazil have cooperated to catch fish. A new study reveals the mechanics of their partnership, showing how they synchronize their behavior to catch more fish. But this unique fishing practice is facing extinction due to declining fish populations and waning interest from future generations. The study highlights the rarity of interspecies cooperation and the benefits it brings to both humans and wildlife.
Stanford-led research finds that the world's largest animals, rorqual whales, owe their size to feeding on tiny creatures in the sea. However, their survival requires a minimum body size, which could put them at risk of extinction due to rapid environmental change. By examining the smallest living species in this group, the authors found that individuals need to grow to at least 4.5 meters to eat enough food to survive. The study sheds light on how climate change might affect krill populations and put certain whale species at risk of extinction.
The Weather Makers by Tim Flannery paints a bleak picture of the future of our planet as we approach a global climatic tipping point. With vivid descriptions of the most powerful natural disasters in recent history, Flannery provides a riveting history of climate change and its impending impact on our world. But it's not all doom and gloom - Flannery offers specific suggestions for action that individuals and lawmakers can take to prevent a cataclysmic future. This urgent warning and call to arms is a must-read for anyone interested in the future of our planet. Recommended for environmentalists, policymakers, and anyone interested in the future of our planet, The Weather Makers by Tim Flannery offers a comprehensive history of climate change and its impact on our world. With specific suggestions for action, Flannery's urgent warning and call to arms is relevant to anyone concerned about reducing greenhouse gas emissions and investing in renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The book is also valuable for those studying environmental science, meteorology, and related fields, as it offers a detailed analysis of the science behind climate change and its effects on our planet.
As high school students, we often think of ourselves as separate from the Earth, but are we really? We are all made of the same molecules as everything else on our planet and are part of an interconnected ecosystem that keeps us all alive. Throughout human history, many cultures have viewed their relationship to the Earth in other ways, such as animism and Taoism, and placed the spirit of the Earth at the center of their worldview. However, under colonization, the Earth became a place to be conquered, dominated, farmed, fished, plundered and mined, on a vast scale. Today, we are still trying to bend the planet's environment, processes, and biodiversity to our will, but can anything fundamentally change while we still see ourselves as somehow separate from Earth? By understanding that there is no Earth and us, but that we are one, we can find ways to truly reconnect to all life on the planet and make a positive impact on our environment. Learning about these concepts can not only benefit us intellectually but also practically in helping us to become better stewards of our planet.
Oxybenzone in sunscreens is disrupting coral reefs, leading to international bans. Scientists are now exploring eco-friendly alternatives like mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) found in ocean organisms that offer potent UV-absorbing shields, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, regulatory hurdles and environmental concerns remain. Discover the latest research and innovations in the search for safer and more effective sunscreens.
The ocean covers over 70% of our planet, yet we know very little about it. With new technology, such as submarine robots, this hidden realm is starting to reveal its secrets. The ocean is home to extraordinary, otherworldly creatures, and boasts some of the highest peaks, deepest canyons, and longest river channels on the planet. However, our impact on the ocean is already being keenly felt, with plastic and pollution causing damage to marine life. By learning more about the ocean, we can better protect and preserve this vital life source. The ocean is key to almost all life on the planet, regulating our climate and providing half the oxygen we breathe. Learning about the ocean's secrets can also help solve urgent problems such as antibiotic resistance. Exploring the ocean can be a fascinating and rewarding journey, with new discoveries waiting to be made.
Are fast-lived species taking over the world? Recent research published in Global Change Biology found that fast-lived animals are increasing in numbers while slow-lived animals are in decline, especially in areas of rapid cropland or bare soil expansion. The study raises important questions about how human actions are rewiring natural ecosystems and the far-reaching effects on the natural world.
Have you ever wandered through a forest and wondered about the secrets that lie within? The Hidden Life of Trees by Peter Wohlleben is a fascinating exploration of the communication and community that exists within forests. Wohlleben shares his love for the woods and explains the incredible processes of life, death, and regeneration that take place in the woodland. Through groundbreaking discoveries, he reveals the previously unknown life of trees and their communication abilities. Discover how trees live together with their children, share nutrients, and create an ecosystem that benefits the whole group. Recommended for environmentalists, biologists, ecologists, and anyone interested in the natural world. The Hidden Life of Trees provides a unique perspective on the life and communication of trees, revealing the intricate processes of the forest ecosystem. It offers insights into the importance of community and the impact of solitary life on trees, which can also be applied to human society. This book is relevant to those interested in environmental sustainability and the impact of eco-friendly practices on the health of our planet. It is also a fascinating read for those who simply appreciate the beauty and complexity of the natural world.