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Microplastics are everywhere, including in the food we eat. New research on seabirds suggests that plastic pollution affects gut microbiomes, potentially harming animals and humans. The study reveals the wide spectrum of adverse effects that we get from plastic pollution, from toxicity to physical injury and now, microbiome disruption. Learn more about the impact of plastic pollution on animals and humans in this eye-opening study.
Are you an animal lover? Do you enjoy learning about the complexities of the natural world and its inhabitants? Then a career in Animal Sciences may be perfect for you! As an Animal Scientist, you will have the opportunity to study and improve the lives of animals, as well as make a positive impact on our planet. Animal Sciences is a broad field that covers various aspects of animal life, from their genetics and nutrition to their behavior and welfare. In this field, you could work in a range of areas such as agriculture, animal behavior, animal welfare, zoology, conservation, and more. Animal Scientists use their knowledge to make informed decisions that promote the well-being of animals, humans, and the environment. Some of the interesting and meaningful aspects of this field include studying the behavior of wild animals, discovering new species, or working to improve the quality of life for domesticated animals. For example, animal scientists can work to develop new methods of farming, breeding, or managing animal health to improve food production and quality. They may also be involved in the development of vaccines or treatments for animal diseases or work to minimize the environmental impact of animal agriculture. There are a variety of potential duties within the field of Animal Sciences, including conducting research, developing new methods of animal management, analyzing animal genetics, developing animal nutrition programs, and more. You may choose to specialize in one particular area, such as animal nutrition or animal behavior, or work in a broader role. To become an Animal Scientist, you will typically need a Bachelor's degree in Animal Science, Biology, Zoology, or a related field. Many universities offer undergraduate programs in Animal Sciences that cover topics such as animal genetics, physiology, nutrition, and welfare. Some popular and relevant undergraduate majors include animal science, veterinary science, biology, and zoology. Helpful personal attributes for this field include a love for animals, strong critical thinking skills, attention to detail, and a desire to continuously learn and improve. Excellent communication and collaboration skills are also important as you may be working in a team with other scientists, veterinarians, and animal handlers. The job prospects for Animal Scientists are strong and continue to grow as the demand for food production and animal welfare increases. There are a range of potential employers in both the public and private sectors around the world, such as research institutions, universities, pharmaceutical companies, zoos and aquariums, government agencies, and private farms. Some notable examples of potential employers include the National Institutes of Health, the World Wildlife Fund, and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
From lizards to hippos, animals of all kinds bask in the sun to regulate their body temperature, conserve energy, and even fight off infections. Discover the fascinating reasons behind this behavior and how it helps different species survive in their environments.
Did you know that parrots are one of the few animals that can mimic human speech? But how do they do it? Parrots have a specialized anatomy that allows them to shape sounds with their tongues and beaks, just like us. Learning about parrot speech can teach us about the complexity of animal communication and the unique adaptations that allow parrots to talk. It's fascinating to learn about the social lives of these highly intelligent birds and how their ability to mimic sounds has helped them survive in the wild. By exploring this topic, you can gain a deeper appreciation for the natural world and the wonders of animal behavior.
Are you an animal lover with a passion for science? Do you dream of making a difference in the lives of animals and their owners? If so, then studying Veterinary Medicine may be the perfect choice for you! Veterinary Medicine is a fascinating field that encompasses the study of animal health and disease, as well as animal welfare, behavior, and nutrition. As a veterinary student, you will learn about the anatomy and physiology of a wide range of animals, from domestic pets to exotic species, and gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating illnesses and injuries. Did you know that the first veterinary school in the world was founded in Lyon, France in 1761? Since then, the field has come a long way, with groundbreaking research and innovations that have transformed the way we care for animals. For example, advances in surgery and anesthesia have allowed veterinarians to perform complex procedures on animals, such as organ transplants and joint replacements. At the undergraduate level, you will typically study a range of modules, including animal anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, microbiology, and surgery. You may also have the opportunity to specialize in areas such as small animal medicine, equine medicine, or wildlife conservation. After completing your degree, the career possibilities are endless! You could become a small animal veterinarian in a private practice, work in a zoo or wildlife sanctuary, or even become a researcher in animal health. Notable employers in the field include the World Health Organization, the United States Department of Agriculture, and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. To succeed in Veterinary Medicine, you will need to have a strong foundation in science, as well as excellent communication and problem-solving skills. You should also have a genuine love for animals and a desire to make a positive impact in their lives. So, if you're ready to embark on a rewarding career in animal health, consider studying Veterinary Medicine at university. Your furry (or not-so-furry) friends will thank you!
Discover the origin of Australia's devastating 'rabbit plague' with new genetic proof! An international team of researchers has finally settled the debate about whether the invasion arose from one source or multiple introductions, tracing the ancestry of Australia's invasive rabbit population back to the South-West of England. Join the journey to uncover the mystery of how a single batch of English rabbits triggered this biological invasion.
As global trade and travel continue to increase, border customs play a crucial role in protecting countries from the introduction of harmful food, plants, and animals. But why are some countries so strict on prohibition or quarantining of these items? One reason is to prevent the spread of invasive species. The species that are not native to a particular ecosystem and can cause harm to the native flora and fauna. For example, the introduction of the zebra mussel in the Great Lakes region of North America caused significant harm to the native species and infrastructure. Another reason is to prevent the spread of diseases. In recent years, the spread of diseases like avian influenza and swine flu have been linked to the movement of animals and animal products across borders. Leading academics in the field of border customs and quarantine regulations include Dr. John Goolsby and Dr. Maria Rodriguez. Dr. Goolsby has written extensively on the importance of border security in preventing the spread of disease and pests, while Dr. Rodriguez has focused on the economic impact of quarantine regulations on global trade. Specific academic terms and concepts relevant to border customs include biosecurity, invasive species, and phytosanitary regulations. Biosecurity refers to measures taken to prevent the introduction and spread of harmful diseases, pests, and invasive species. Invasive species are non-native plants and animals that can cause harm to native species and disrupt ecosystems. Phytosanitary regulations refer to the measures taken to prevent the spread of plant diseases and pests. Border customs play a vital role in ensuring that our ecosystems remain healthy and protected. They prevent the spread of harmful diseases and pests, protect native species, and maintain the balance of our ecosystems.
Do you have a passion for animals and a desire to make a difference in their lives? If so, a career in veterinary medicine might be the perfect fit for you! As a veterinarian, you'll have the opportunity to work with a wide variety of animals, from household pets to exotic species, and help them stay healthy and happy. One of the most appealing aspects of a career in veterinary medicine is the opportunity to make a meaningful impact on the lives of animals and their owners. Whether you're helping a sick pet recover from an illness or injury, performing routine check-ups to ensure their ongoing health, or even conducting research to advance our understanding of animal health and disease, the work you do as a veterinarian can have a profound impact on the world around you. As a veterinarian, your duties may include a wide range of activities, from diagnosing and treating illnesses and injuries to performing surgeries and providing preventative care. You may also choose to specialize in a particular area of veterinary medicine, such as surgery, oncology, or emergency medicine, among others. To become a veterinarian, you'll typically need to complete a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree from an accredited veterinary school. Popular undergraduate majors for aspiring veterinarians include biology, animal science, and pre-veterinary studies, among others. In addition to your formal education, you'll also need to pass a licensing exam in order to practice as a veterinarian. Helpful personal attributes for a career in veterinary medicine include a love of animals, strong communication skills, attention to detail, and the ability to work well under pressure. Whether you're working in a private practice, a research laboratory, or a government agency, you'll need to be able to communicate effectively with clients, colleagues, and other stakeholders in order to achieve your goals. Job prospects for veterinarians are generally strong, with a variety of potential employers in both the public and private sectors. Some popular employers for veterinarians include animal hospitals and clinics, research laboratories, government agencies, and zoos and aquariums, among others. With a growing focus on animal health and welfare around the world, the long-term outlook for careers in veterinary medicine is bright, with plenty of opportunities for growth and advancement in the years to come.
When you hear the word "dog," you probably have an image in your mind of a furry, four-legged animal that barks and wags its tail. But what if I told you that "dog" could refer to any member of the family Canidae, including wolves, foxes, and coyotes? This is just one example of the confusion that can arise from using common names instead of scientific naming. Scientific naming, also known as binomial nomenclature, is a standardized system for naming living organisms developed by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century. In this system, each species is given a unique two-part Latin name consisting of its genus and species, such as Homo sapiens for humans or Panthera leo for lions. This system helps scientists around the world communicate clearly and accurately about different species, avoiding the confusion that can arise from using different common names for the same organism. But why do we need scientific naming when we already have common names? After all, most people are more familiar with common names like "dog" or "lion" than with their scientific names. One reason is that common names can vary from place to place, making it difficult to communicate about organisms across different regions or languages. For example, a common name for a type of bird in one country might be completely different from the common name for the same bird in another country. In addition, common names can sometimes be misleading or confusing. For example, the "puma" is known by many different common names around the world, including "mountain lion," "cougar," and "panther." This can create confusion about whether these are all different species or just different names for the same animal. Despite these challenges, scientific naming isn't perfect either. For one thing, it can be difficult to remember all the different Latin names for different species. In addition, some scientists have criticized the system for focusing too much on classification and not enough on the ecological relationships between different species. So what can we do to bridge the gap between common names and scientific naming? One approach is to use both names when talking about different organisms. For example, we might refer to "Canis lupus" instead of just "wolf" to make it clear what species we're talking about. Another approach is to create standardized common names for different species that are recognized across different regions and languages. In conclusion, the use of common names versus scientific naming can lead to confusion and misunderstanding in the scientific community and beyond. Exploring the history, challenges, and implications of scientific naming can be a fascinating and rewarding academic pursuit, leading to a deeper understanding of the natural world and our place in it.
Are you an animal lover with a passion for science? Then Pre-Veterinary Medicine might just be the perfect field of study for you! Pre-Veterinary Medicine is the study of animal health and welfare, and it covers a wide range of topics from animal anatomy and physiology to nutrition and disease prevention. One of the most appealing aspects of this field is the opportunity to work with animals on a daily basis. Whether you're assisting with surgery, performing routine check-ups, or helping to rehabilitate injured animals, you'll have the chance to make a real difference in the lives of our furry friends. Pre-Veterinary Medicine is also a field of study that is constantly evolving. Researchers are always discovering new ways to improve animal health, and there are many exciting innovations happening in the field. For example, scientists are now using stem cells to treat a variety of animal diseases, and there is ongoing research into the use of gene editing to prevent hereditary conditions. If you're interested in pursuing a degree in Pre-Veterinary Medicine, you can expect to take courses in subjects like biology, chemistry, and animal science. Some popular majors include Animal Science, Veterinary Technology, and Pre-Veterinary Medicine. After completing your undergraduate degree, you may choose to specialize in a particular area of veterinary medicine, such as surgery, dentistry, or emergency medicine. One of the great things about studying Pre-Veterinary Medicine is that it can lead to a wide range of career opportunities. Of course, many graduates go on to become veterinarians, working in private practices or for organizations like the Humane Society. But there are also many other careers that are directly related to this field, such as animal nutritionist, wildlife biologist, or animal behaviorist. And if you're interested in working for a specific company or organization, there are many notable employers in this field, such as the ASPCA, the World Wildlife Fund, and the National Park Service. To succeed in Pre-Veterinary Medicine, you'll need to have a strong background in science and a genuine love of animals. You'll also need to be patient, compassionate, and able to work well under pressure. If you have these qualities, then Pre-Veterinary Medicine might just be the perfect field of study for you!
Insects and other invertebrates have complex immune systems that protect them from parasites and pathogens, and they can even pass on immunity to their offspring. A meta-analysis of 37 studies confirms that trans-generational immune priming is widespread among invertebrate species. Fathers also play an important role in providing immune protection to their offspring, and the immune response is stronger when offspring receive the same pathogen as their parents. This phenomenon is remarkably long-lived and can persist until the offspring are adults themselves. Explore the sophistication of invertebrates' immune system and their immunity secrets.
Have you ever wondered why some animals are bigger than others? Or why some animals live longer or reproduce faster than others? These differences are due to an animal's life-history traits, which can have a significant impact on its chances of survival and reproductive success in different environments. Body size, for example, can affect an animal's ability to find food, avoid predators, and regulate its body temperature. Larger animals may have an advantage in colder environments, where they can retain heat more efficiently, while smaller animals may have an advantage in warmer environments, where they can cool down more easily. In terms of reproduction, larger animals may have more mating opportunities, while smaller animals may have a higher reproductive rate and produce more offspring. Lifespan is another important life-history trait. Some animals, like turtles and whales, can live for many decades, while others, like insects and rodents, have much shorter lifespans. Long-lived animals may have a better chance of surviving through periods of environmental change or fluctuation, while short-lived animals may be able to reproduce more quickly and take advantage of favorable conditions. Reproductive rate is a third key life-history trait. Some animals, like rabbits and mice, can have many offspring in a short period of time, while others, like elephants and humans, have fewer offspring over longer periods of time. High reproductive rates can help animals respond quickly to environmental changes or take advantage of favorable conditions, while low reproductive rates can lead to more parental investment in each offspring and a better chance of survival. So, how do these life-history traits affect animal survival and reproductive success in different environments? To answer this question, scientists study a variety of different animal species and environments, using techniques like field observations, experiments, and modeling. They also use tools like life tables, which show how an animal's survival and reproductive rates change over time, and population models, which predict how a population will change over time based on different factors. Leading scientists in this field include Susan M. C. Clegg, a researcher at the University of Exeter, who studies how life-history traits affect bird populations, and Steven C. Stearns, a professor at Yale University, who has written extensively on life-history theory and evolution. In conclusion, life-history traits play a crucial role in determining an animal's chances of survival and reproductive success. By exploring the fascinating world of life-history traits, students can gain a deeper understanding of how evolution works and how organisms adapt to their environments.
From literal horsepower to inspiring art, horses have had a profound impact on human culture. Recent DNA studies shed light on their domestication, but the process remains complex. Discover the fascinating history of these majestic animals and their role in shaping our world.
Trash is more than just an eyesore; it's a breeding ground for deadly diseases. A new study by Stanford researchers and their Kenyan colleagues reveals how trash is linked to the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses such as dengue and chikungunya. The study, which followed over 3,500 children in western and coastal Kenya, found that litter near homes, crowded living arrangements, and wealth were all factors that put communities at risk. With this knowledge, communities can take steps to protect themselves from infection. Learn more about this lethal connection between trash and disease.
Do you love animals and have a passion for science? If so, a career in Veterinary Medicine may be the perfect fit for you! As a veterinarian, you will have the opportunity to work with a variety of animals, from small pets to large farm animals, and even exotic creatures. One of the most appealing aspects of this career is the ability to make a difference in the lives of animals and their owners. Imagine being able to diagnose and treat a sick animal, helping them recover and return to their happy and healthy selves. Or, being able to perform life-saving surgeries and procedures that give animals a second chance at life. As a veterinarian, your typical duties may include performing routine check-ups and vaccinations, diagnosing and treating illnesses and injuries, performing surgeries, and providing preventative care. You may also have the opportunity to specialize in areas such as surgery, dentistry, or dermatology. To become a veterinarian, you will need to complete a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree, which typically takes four years to complete. Popular undergraduate programs and majors include biology, animal science, and zoology. In addition to a strong educational background, helpful personal attributes for a career in Veterinary Medicine include compassion, attention to detail, and strong communication skills. Job prospects for veterinarians are strong, with a projected growth rate of 16% over the next decade. There are a variety of potential employers, including private practices, animal hospitals, and government agencies. Notable employers include Banfield Pet Hospital, VCA Animal Hospitals, and the United States Department of Agriculture. In summary, a career in Veterinary Medicine offers the opportunity to combine your love for animals with your passion for science. With strong job prospects and the ability to make a difference in the lives of animals and their owners, this career path is both rewarding and fulfilling.
What can snakes teach us about tooth replacement? A groundbreaking study from King's College London reveals how snakes uniquely shed their old teeth through the action of cells that eat away at the tooth from the inside. This fascinating process, called internal tooth resorption, has no equivalent in other reptiles and is a major breakthrough in our understanding of snake evolution. Using cutting-edge computerized tomography scanning, the researchers even identified 'bite marks' in the teeth of fossil snakes, providing evidence that this method of tooth replacement dates back at least 150 million years. Explore the amazing world of snake dentition today!
Billions of animals are raised and slaughtered in factory farms every year, in conditions likely to cause extreme suffering. Many experts believe animals have conscious experiences and can experience pain. We tend to value the suffering of humans more than animals, which could be a form of "speciesism". There are things we can do to help solve this problem, including persuading people to change their diets, lobbying for better welfare standards for animals, and developing alternatives to animal products. Cost-effectiveness analyses suggest there are opportunities to have large-scale positive impacts on animal welfare, with corporate campaigns seeming particularly promising.
Did you know that every year, over 56 billion land animals are raised and slaughtered for food worldwide? Or that countless others are subjected to cruel experiments and inhumane treatment in the name of science? These animals suffer greatly, yet many of us are complicit in their suffering due to the widespread phenomenon of speciesism. Speciesism is the belief that some species are inherently superior to others and therefore deserve greater consideration or rights. It is a form of discrimination that allows us to treat certain animals as mere commodities or objects, rather than sentient beings with the capacity to feel pain and experience emotions. Unfortunately, speciesism is pervasive in our media and culture, perpetuating harmful stereotypes and beliefs about animals. For example, think about how often we see cartoons or movies that depict cows, pigs, and chickens as slow-witted and happy to be raised for food. This kind of portrayal is not only inaccurate but also serves to justify the exploitation and suffering of these animals. The problem of speciesism extends beyond media and into our animal welfare policies and beliefs. Despite growing evidence of animals' cognitive abilities and emotional complexity, our legal systems often treat animals as mere property with little to no legal protections. And while many of us claim to care about animal welfare, our actions often contradict our beliefs, such as continuing to consume animal products or supporting industries that exploit animals for profit. Thankfully, there are academics and activists working to raise awareness about the issue of speciesism and promote more ethical treatment of animals. Dr. Melanie Joy, for example, is a leading scholar in the field of animal ethics and has written extensively on the topic of speciesism. Her work highlights the ways in which our society promotes and reinforces speciesist attitudes, and offers suggestions for how we can challenge and change these attitudes. By exploring these and other related topics, you can gain a deeper understanding of the issue of speciesism and develop your own ideas for promoting more ethical treatment of animals. Together, we can work towards a world in which all beings are treated with respect and compassion, regardless of their species.
Citizen scientists in Denmark have discovered the oldest scientifically-confirmed European hedgehog, living for 16 years, 7 years longer than the previous record holder. However, the average age of hedgehogs was only around two years, with many dying before their first birthday due to road accidents. Interestingly, male hedgehogs lived longer than females, despite being more likely to be killed in traffic. The research also investigated the impact of inbreeding on hedgehog lifespan, with surprising results. Discover the secrets of hedgehog longevity and conservation efforts in this fascinating study.
Scientists are investigating how feeding seaweed to cows could help reduce their methane emissions, which contribute to the climate crisis. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, and cows like Nugget, a milk-producing Jersey cow at the University of New Hampshire's Organic Dairy Research Farm, contribute significantly to its production. Researchers are testing various species of seaweed, which have been shown to reduce cow burps, and measuring their impact on methane output. The goal is to find a seaweed species that is optimal for both methane reduction, cow and human health, while also being environmentally sustainable to grow at scale.